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In press

Psychological mechanisms driving stress resilience in mindfulness training: A randomized controlled trial

Chin, B., Lindsay, E.K., Smyth, J.M., Brown, K.W., Wright, A., & Creswell, J.D. (in press). Health Psychology.

One-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial piloting a mindfulness-based group intervention for adolescent insulin resistance [pdf]

Shomaker, L. B., Pivarunas, B., Annameier, S., Gulley, L., Quaglia, J., Brown, K. W., Brown, P. & Bell, C. (in press). Frontiers in Psychology.

Acceptance skills training reduces loneliness and increases social contact: A randomized controlled trial of mindfulness training [pdf]

Lindsay, E.K., Young, S., Brown, K.W., Smyth, J.M., & Creswell, J.D. (in press). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.


How mindfulness training promotes positive emotions: Dismantling acceptance skills training in two randomized controlled trials [pdf]

Lindsay, E. K., Chin, B., Greco, C. M., Young, S., Brown, K. W., Wright, A. G. C., Smyth, J. M., Burkett, D., & Creswell, J. D. (in press). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 115, 944-973.

Mindfulness-based group intervention for an adolescent girl at risk for type 2 diabetes: A case report [pdf]

Dalager, S., Annameier, S., Bruggink, S., Pivarunas, B., Coatsworth, J. D., Schmid, A. A., Bell, C., Broderick, P., Brown, K. W., Quaglia, J., & Shomaker, L. B. (in press). Advances in Mind-Body Medicine, 32, 23-31.

When less is more: Mindfulness predicts adaptive affective responding to rejection via reduced prefrontal recruitment [pdf]

Martelli, A., Chester, D., Brown, K.W., DeWall, N., & Eisenberger, N. (2018). Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 13, 648-655.

Mindfulness increases prosocial responses toward ostracized strangers through empathic concern [pdf

Berry, D., Cairo, A., Quaglia, J., Goodman, R.J., Green, J.D. & Brown, K.W. (2018). Journal of Experimental Psychology – General, 147, 93-112.

Acceptance lowers stress reactivity: Dismantling mindfulness training in a randomized controlled trial [pdf]

Lindsay, E.K., Young, S., Smyth, J.M., Brown, K.W., & Creswell, J.D. (2018). Psychoneuroendocrinology, 87, 63-73.


Pilot randomized controlled trial of a mindfulness-based group intervention in adolescent girls at risk for type 2 diabetes with depressive symptoms [pdf]

Shomaker, L.B., Bruggink, S., Pivarunas, B., Skoranski, A., Foss, J., Chaffin, E., Dalager, S., Annameier, S., Quaglia, J., Brown, K.W., Broderick, P., & Bell, C. (2017). Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 32, 66-74.

Mindfulness meditation training increases executive control network resting state functional connectivity: A randomized controlled trial [pdf]

Taren, A., Gianaros, P., Greco, C., Lindsay, E., Fairgrieve, A., Brown, K.W., Rosen, R., Ferris, J., Julson, E., Marsland, A., & Creswell, J.D. (2017). Psychosomatic Medicine, 79, 674-683.

Reducing separateness with presence: How mindfulness catalyzes intergroup prosociality

Berry, D. & Brown, K.W. (2017). In J. Karremans & E. Papies (Eds.), Mindfulness in Social Psychology (pp. 153-166). New York: Routledge.

Brief mindfulness meditation training reduces mind-wandering: The critical role of acceptance training [pdf]

Rahl, H.A., Lindsay, E.K., Brown, K.W., & Creswell, J.D. (2017). Emotion, 17, 224-230. 


The emergence of research on hypo-egoic phenomena

Brown, K.W. & Leary, M.R. (2016). In Brown, K.W. & Leary, M.R. (Eds.), Oxford Handbook of Hypo-egoic Phenomena. New York: Oxford University Press.

The hypo-egoic expression of mindfulness in social life

Brown, K.W. Berry, D., & Quaglia, J. (2016). In  Brown, K.W. & Leary, M.R. (Eds.), Oxford Handbook of Hypo-egoic Phenomena. New York: Oxford University Press.

The hypo-egoic person

Leary, M.R. & Brown, K.W. (2016). In Brown, K.W. & Leary, M.R. (Eds.), Oxford Handbook of Hypo-egoic Phenomena. New York: Oxford University Press.

Nonsynonymous HTR2C polymorphism predicts cortisol response to psychosocial stress II: Evidence from two samples [pdf]

Way, B.M., Brown, K.W., Quaglia, J., McCain, N., & Taylor, S.E. (2016). Psychoneuroendocrinology. 70, 142-151.

Resilience- and vulnerability-based moderators of sympathetic nervous system responses to social stress [pdf]

Arch, J., Landy, L., & Brown, K.W. (2016). Psychoneuroendocrinology, 69, 35–40.

Materialism, acquisition, and unpleasant affect: A multimethod investigation [pdf]

Brown, K.W., Kasser, T., Ryan, R., & Konow, J. (2016). Journal of Happiness Studies, 17(6), 2277-2292.

Meta-analytic evidence for effects of mindfulness training on dimensions of self-Reported dispositional mindfulness [pdf]

Quaglia, J., Braun, S., Freeman, S., McDaniel, M., & Brown, K.W. (2016). Psychological Assessment, 28, 803-818.

Enjoying food without caloric cost: The impact of mindfulness on eating outcomes [pdf]

Arch, J.J., Brown, K.W., Goodman, R. J., Della Porta, M., Kiken, L., & Tillman, S. (2016). Behavior Research and Therapy, 29, 23-34. 

Mindfulness enhances episodic memory performance: Evidence from a multi-method investigation [pdf]

Brown, K.W., Goodman, R. J., Ryan, R.M., & Anālayo, B. (2016). PLoS ONE, 11: e0153309. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0153309

Alterations in resting state functional connectivity link mindfulness meditation training with reduced interleukin-6: A randomized controlled trial [pdf]

Creswell, J.D.,  Taren, A., Lindsay, E., Greco, C., Gianaros, P., Fairgrieve, A., Marsland, A.L., Brown, K.W., Way, B., Rosen, R., Ferris, J. (2016). Biological Psychiatry, 80, 53-61. 


Contemplating mindfulness at work: An integrative review [pdf]

Good, D. J., Lyddy, C. J., Glomb, T. M., Bono, J. E., Brown, K. W., Duffy, M. K., ... & Lazar, S. W. (2015). Journal of Management, 42, 114-142.

Burning issues in dispositional mindfulness research

Goodman, R.J., Quaglia, J. & Brown, K. W. (2015). In B.D. Ostafin, M.D. Robinson & B.P. Meier (Eds.), Handbook of mindfulness and self-regulation (pp. 67-80). New York: Springer.

Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for caregivers of family members with early stage dementia [pdf]

Brown, K.W., Coogle, C., & Wegelin, J. (2015). Aging and Mental Health, 20, 1157-1166.

Mindfulness meditation training alters stress-related amygdala resting state functional connectivity: A randomized controlled trial [pdf]

Taren, A., Gianaros, P., Greco, C., Lindsay, E., Fairgrieve, A., Brown, K.W., Rosen, R., Ferris, J., Julson, E., Marsland, A., Bursley, J., Ramsburg, J., & Creswell, J.D. (2015). Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 10, 1758-1768. 

Trait mindfulness predicts efficient top-down attention to and discrimination of facial expressions [pdf]

Quaglia, J.T., Goodman, R.J., & Brown, K.W. (2015). Journal of Personality, 84, 393-404.

From mindful attention to social connection: The key role of emotion regulation [pdf]

Quaglia, J.T., Goodman, R.J., & Brown, K.W. (2015). Cognition and Emotion, 29(8), 1466-1474.

Facilitating healthy self regulation from within and without: A Self Determination Theory perspective

Brown, K.W. & Ryan, R.M. (2015). In S. Joseph (Ed.), Positive psychology in practice, revised ed. (pp. 139-157). New York: Wiley.

The evolution of mindfulness research

Brown, K.W., Creswell, J.D., & Ryan, R.M. (2015). In Brown, K.W., Creswell, J.D., & Ryan, R.M. (Eds.), Handbook of mindfulness: Theory, research, and practice (pp. 13-19). New York: Guilford.

From conceptualization to operationalization of mindfulness

Quaglia, J.T., Brown, K.W., Lindsay, E.K., Creswell, J.D., & Goodman, R.J. (2015). In Brown, K.W., Creswell, J.D., & Ryan, R.M. (Eds.). Handbook of mindfulness: Theory, research, and practice (pp. 179-199). New York: Guilford.

Mindfulness training to enhance positive functioning

Brown, K. W. (2015). In Brown, K.W., Creswell, J.D., & Ryan, R.M. (Eds.). Handbook of mindfulness: Theory, research, and practice (pp. 351-368). New York: Guilford.

Adaptive neural reward processing during anticipation and receipt of monetary rewards in mindfulness meditators [pdf]

Kirk, U., Brown, K.W., & Downer, J. (2015). Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 10, 752-759.

The Estonian Mindful Attention Awareness Scale: Assessing mindfulness without a distinct linguistic present tense [pdf]

Seema, R., Quaglia, J.T., Brown, K.W., Sircova, A., Baltin, A., Konstabel, K. (2015). Mindfulness, 6, 759-766.

Components of sleep quality as mediators of the relationship between mindfulness and subjective vitality among older adults [pdf]

Visser, P., Hirsch, J., Brown, K.W., Ryan, R.M., & Moynihan, J. (2015). Mindfulness, 6, 723-731.


Self-compassion training modulates alpha-amylase, heart rate variability, and subjective responses to social evaluative threat in women [pdf]

Arch, J.J., Brown, K.W., Dean, D.J., Landy, L.N., Brown, K., & Laudenslager, M.L. (2014). Psychoneuroendocrinology, 42, 49-58.

Brief mindfulness meditation training alters psychological and neuroendocrine responses to social evaluative stress [pdf]

Creswell, J. D., Pacilio, L. E., Lindsay, E. K. & Brown, K. W. (2014). Psychoneuroendocrinology, 44, 1-12.

More than words: Contemplating death enhances positive emotional word use [pdf]

Kashdan, T.B., DeWall, C.N. ... & Brown, K.W. (2014). Personality and Individual Differences, 71, 171-175.

An observational study of group waterpipe use in a natural environment [pdf]

Blank, M., Brown, K.W., Goodman, R., & Eissenberg, T.E. (2014). Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 16, 93-99.


Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for older adults: Effects on executive and immune function [pdf]

Moynihan, J.A., Chapman, B.P., Klorman, R., Duberstein, P.R., Krasner, M.S., Brown, K.W., & Talbot, N.L. (2013). Neuropsychobiology, 68, 34-43.

Neural mechanisms of symptom improvements in generalized anxiety disorder following mindfulness meditation training [pdf]

Hölzel, B.K., Greve, D.N., Hoge, E.A., Gard, T., Creswell, J.D., Brown, K.W., Barrett, L.F., Vaitl, D., & Lazar, S.W. (2013). NeuroImage: Clinical, 2, 448-458.

Dispositional mindfulness and the attenuation of neural responses to emotional stimuli [pdf]

Brown, K.W., Goodman, R., & Inzlicht, M. (2013). Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 8, 93-99.


Psychometric properties of the Chinese translation of the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) [pdf]

Deng, Y-Q., Li, S., Tang, Y-Y., Zhu, L-H., Ryan, R.M., & Brown, K.W. (2012). Mindfulness, 3, 10-14. 

Trait mindfulness modulates neuroendocrine and affective responses to social evaluative threat [pdf]

Brown, K.W., Weinstein, N., & Creswell, J. D. (2012). Psychoneuroendocrinology, 37, 2037–2041.


Out of the armchair and into the streets: Measuring mindfulness advances knowledge and improves interventions: Reply to Grossman (2011) [pdf]

Brown, K.W., Ryan, R.M., Loverich, T.M., Biegel, G.M., & West, A.M. (2011). Psychological Assessment, 23, 1041-1046.

Assessing adolescent mindfulness: Validation of an adapted Mindful Attention Awareness Scale in adolescent normative and psychiatric populations [pdf]

Brown, K.W., West, A.M., Loverich, T.M., & Biegel, G.M. (2011). Psychological Assessment, 23, 1023-1033.

Curiosity enhances the role of mindfulness in reducing existential threat [pdf]

Kashdan, T. B., Afram, A., Brown, K.W., Birnbeck, M., & Drvoshanov, M. (2011). Personality and Individual Differences, 50, 1227-1232.

The moderation of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction effects by trait mindfulness: Results from a randomized controlled trial [pdf]

Shapiro, S.L., Brown, K.W., Thoresen, C., & Plante, T.G. (2011). Journal of Clinical Psychology, 67, 267-77.

Toward the integration of meditation into higher education: A review of research evidence [pdf]

Shapiro, S.L., Brown, K.W., & Astin, J.A. (2011). Teachers College Record, 113, 493-528.

Experiential processing and the integration of bright and dark sides of the human psyche

Brown, K.W. & Holt, M. P. (2011). In K. Sheldon, T. Kashdan, & M. Steger (Eds.), Designing the future of positive psychology: Taking stock and moving forward (pp. 147-159). Oxford University Press.


Being present in the face of existential threat: The role of trait mindfulness in reducing defensive responses to mortality salience [pdf]

Niemiec, C.P., Brown, K.W., Kashdan, T., Cozzolino, P.J., Breen, W., Levesque, C., & Ryan, R.M. (2010). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 99, 344-365.

Vitalizing effects of being outdoors and in nature [pdf]

Ryan, R.M., Weinstein, N., Bernstein, J., Brown, K.W., Mastella, L., & Gagne, M. (2010). Journal of Environmental Psychology, 30, 159-168.

The Non-Attachment Scale [pdf]

Sahdra, B.K., Shaver, P.R., & Brown, K.W. (2010). Journal of Personality Assessment, 92, 116-127.

Weekends, work and well-being: Psychological need satisfactions and day of the week effects on mood, vitality and physical symptoms [pdf]

Ryan, R.M., Bernstein, J., & Brown, K.W. (2010). Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 29, 95-122.


Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction for adolescent psychiatric outpatients: A randomized clinical trial [pdf]

Biegel, G., Brown, K.W., Shapiro, S.E., & Schubert, C. (2009). Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 77, 855-866.

The role of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction on perceived stress: Preliminary evidence for the moderating role of attachment style [pdf]

Cordon, S.L., Brown, K.W., & Gibson, P.R. (2009). Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 23, 258-269.

When what one has is enough: Mindfulness, desire discrepancies, and subjective well-being [pdf]

Brown, K.W., Kasser, T., Linley, P.A., Ryan, R.M., & Orzich, K. (2009). Journal of Research in Personality, 43, 727-736.

A scientific approach to voluntary simplicity

Kasser, T. & Brown, K.W. (2009). In C. Andrews & W. Urbanska (Eds.), Less is more: Embracing simplicity in troubled times (pp. 35-40). Gabriola Island, BC: New Society.

A multimethod examination of the effects of mindfulness on stress attribution, coping, and emotional well-being [pdf]

Weinstein, N., Brown, K.W., & Ryan, R.M. (2009). Journal of Research in Personality, 43, 374-385.

Intensive mindfulness training-related changes in cognitive and emotional experience [pdf]

Orzich, K., Shapiro, S.E., Brown, K.W., & McKay, M. (2009). Journal of Positive Psychology, 4, 212-222.

Toward a phenomenology of mindfulness: Subjective experience and emotional correlates

Brown, K.W. & Cordon, S.L. (2009). In F. Didonna (Ed.), Clinical handbook of mindfulness (pp. 59-81). New York: Springer.


Beyond Me: Mindful responses to social threat

Brown, K.W., Ryan, R.M., Creswell, J.D., & Niemiec, C.P. (2008). In H.A. Wayment & J.J. Bauer (Eds.), Transcending self-interest: Psychological explorations of the quiet ego (pp. 75-84). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. 

The role of awareness and autonomy in quieting the ego: A Self-determination Theory perspective

Niemiec, C.P. Ryan, R.M., & Brown, K.W. (2008). In H.A. Wayment & J.J. Bauer (Eds.), Transcending self-interest: Psychological explorations of the quiet ego (pp. 107-115). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. 


Mindfulness as a moderator of the effect of implicit motivational self-concept on day-to-day behavioral motivation [pdf]

Levesque, C. & Brown, K.W. (2007). Motivation and Emotion, 31, 284–299.

Mindfulness: Theoretical foundations and evidence for its salutary effects [pdf]

Brown, K.W., Ryan, R.M., & Creswell, J.D. (2007). Psychological Inquiry, 18, 211-237.

Addressing fundamental questions about mindfulness [pdf]

Brown, K.W., Ryan, R.M., & Creswell, J.D. (2007). Psychological Inquiry, 18, 272-281.

The role of mindfulness in romantic relationship satisfaction and responses to relationship stress [pdf]

Barnes, S., Brown, K.W., Krusemark, E., Campbell, W.K., & Rogge, R. (2007). Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 33, 482-500.

Dispositional mindfulness as a predictor of the severity of gambling outcomes [pdf]

Lakey, C.E., Campbell, W.K., Brown, K.W. & Goodie, A.S. (2007). Personality and Individual Differences, 43, 1698-1710.

How integrative is attachment theory? Unpacking the meaning and significance of felt security [pdf]

Ryan, R.M., Brown, K.W., & Creswell, J.D. (2007). Psychological Inquiry, 18, 177-182.

Teaching self-care to caregivers: The effects of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction on the mental health of therapists in training [pdf]

Shapiro, S.L., Brown, K.W. & Biegel, G. (2007). Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 1, 105-115.


Multilevel modeling of motivation: A Self determination Theory analysis of basic psychological needs

Brown, K. W. & Ryan, R. M. (2006). In A. D. Ong & M. van Dulmen (Eds.), Oxford handbook of methods in positive psychology (pp. 1158-1183). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

What is optimal self esteem? The cultivation and consequences of contingent versus true self esteem as viewed from the Self Determination Theory perspective

Ryan, R.M. & Brown, K.W. (2006). In M. Kernis (Ed.), Self esteem: Issues and Answers (pp.125-131). New York: Psychology Press.

Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (ONLINE)

Brown, K.W. & Ryan, R.M. (2006). Abstract from: Ovid Technologies, HaPI item 239525.

Health Visit Frequency Questionnaire (ONLINE)

Brown, K.W. & Ryan, R.M. (2006). Abstract from: Ovid Technologies, HaPI item 239552.

Meditation Practices Survey (ONLINE)

Brown, K.W. & Ryan, R.M. (2006). Abstract from: Ovid Technologies, HaPI item 239553.


Are psychological and ecological well being compatible? The role of values, mindfulness, and lifestyle [pdf]

Brown, K.W. & Kasser, T. (2005). Social Indicators Research, 74, 349-368.

Legislating competence: High stakes testing policies and their relations with psychological theory and research

Ryan, R.M. & Brown, K.W. (2005). In A. Elliot & C. Dweck (Eds.), Handbook of competence and motivation (pp. 354-374). NY: Guilford.

Validation of the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale in a cancer population [pdf]

Carlson, L.E. & Brown, K.W. (2005). Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 58, 29-33.


Perils and promise in defining and measuring mindfulness: Observations from experience [pdf]

Brown, K.W. & Ryan, R.M. (2004). Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11, 242-248.

Fostering healthy self regulation from within and without: A Self Determination Theory perspective

Brown, K.W. & Ryan, R.M. (2004). In P.A. Linley & S. Joseph (Eds.), Positive psychology in practice (pp. 105-124). New York: Wiley.


The benefits of being present: Mindfulness and its role in psychological well being [pdf]

Brown, K.W. & Ryan, R.M. (2003). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 822-848.

Why we don't need self esteem: On fundamental needs, contingent love, and mindfulness [pdf]

Ryan, R.M. & Brown, K.W. (2003). Psychological Inquiry, 14, 71-76.

Psychological distress and cancer survival: A follow up 10 years after diagnosis [pdf]

Brown, K.W., Levy, A.R., Rosberger, Z., & Edgar, L. (2003). Psychosomatic Medicine, 65, 636-643.

On time, happiness, and ecological footprints

Kasser, T. & Brown, K.W. (2003). In J. de Graaf (Ed.), Take back your time: Fighting overwork and time poverty in America (pp. 107-112). San Francisco, CA: Berrett Koehler.


Dynamic stability of behavior: The rhythms of our interpersonal lives [pdf]

Brown, K.W. & Moskowitz, D.S. (1998). Journal of Personality, 66, 105-134.

It's a function of time: A review of the process approach to behavioral medicine research [pdf]

Brown, K.W. & Moskowitz, D.S. (1998). Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 20, 1-11.

Does unhappiness make you sick? The role of affect and neuroticism in the experience of common physical symptoms [pdf]

Brown, K.W. & Moskowitz, D.S. (1997). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72, 907-917.

Reconceptualizing stability: Using time as a psychological dimension [pdf]

Moskowitz, D.S., Brown, K.W., & Coté, S. (1997). Current Directions in Psychological Science, 5, 127-131.

From the inside out: Building a sustainable environmentalism [pdf]

Brown, K.W. (1997). The Trumpeter Journal of Ecosophy, 14, 57-60.

Time course and control of emotion: Age differences in understanding and recognition [pdf]

Brown, K.W., Covell, K., & Abramovitch, R. (1991). Merrill Palmer Quarterly, 37, 273-287.

A theoretical and empirical review of psychophysiological studies of emotion

Niemiec, C. P. & Warren, K. (2002). JUR Rochester, 1(1), 15-19.



Joanna Arch, University of Colorado, Boulder

Gina Biegel, Stressed Teens Program

David Chester, Virginia Commonwealth University

J. David Creswell, Carnegie Mellon University

Nathan DeWall, University of Kentucky

Britta Holzel, Institute of Aterty and Meditation

Michael Inzlicht, University of Toronto

Todd Kashdan, George Mason University

Tim Kasser, Knox College       

Sara Lazar, Massachusetts General Hospital

Mark Leary, Duke University

Emily Lindsay, University of Pittsburgh 

Nancy McCain, Virginia Commonwealth University

Jan Moynihan, University of Rochester

Christopher Niemiec, University of Rochester

Richard M. Ryan, Australian Catholic University, University of Rochester

Baljinder Sahdra, Australian Catholic University

Shauna Shapiro, Santa Clara University

Baldwin Way, Ohio State University


Image Credit

Lightbulb by Franklin Heijnen.